The current situation of domestic and foreign metal materials construction application | metal warehouse buildings
In the 1940s, after the end of the Second World War, along with technological progress, various new materials emerged in an endless stream: plastics, ceramics, metals and alloys, high-performance concrete, new block and wall materials, energy-saving materials, and polymer materials Not only has it been widely used in architectural design, it has also profoundly affected the aesthetic and artistic style of architecture. As a building material with high strength and good durability, metal has a long history of structural application. Some light structures and prefabricated structures have played an important role in the reconstruction work of various countries after the war. New types of metal structures are also emerging, whether it is metal properties or structural forms, there are large-scale advances and innovations. There are also a number of structural forms that use the strength or tensile properties of metal materials to match the structure of other materials, and they also shine in the field of architectural creation during this period. The application of metal on the exterior surface of the building is mainly manifested in the metal skin and roof. Developed countries such as Europe, America and Japan have accumulated rich experience in the field of metal skin and roofing. Whether it is the production of sheet metal or the complete set of wall and roof technologies, there are many strict standards, and many new processing methods have been created. Metal skin materials with photoelectric characteristics and ecological characteristics. Looking at foreign buildings, we find that building skin and roof systems that use different metal skin materials and different structural treatments will bring huge changes to the external form of the building.
In domestic construction, in addition to aluminum honeycomb panels, aluminum composite panels, color steel plates, and color steel sandwich panels, which are widely used in building exterior shape materials, other types of metal skins have gradually emerged. However, architects are more interested in different metal materials. And the knowledge and understanding of different sheet metal structures is still relatively small. With the rapid increase of national power, the increase of construction investment quota, and the advancement of design concepts, common metal exterior walls and roofs in Europe and the United States have gradually appeared in some domestic projects. , The use of metal material surface system will further enrich our architectural creation.
In order to meet the requirements of large-scale industrial production, metal materials have begun to be widely used in construction. Architectural works constructed using industrially produced metal or alloy materials have distinct characteristics of the times and obvious industrial culture: they are rich in rationality, simple and bright in color, upright and refined, and easy to form good visually. The sense of space penetration, the design of nodes and components is conducive to showing the logic of force and construction, full of sense of speed and strength, with obvious traces of industrial production. The construction process using new metal materials and industrial technology is first expressed as a kind of "precision". Compared with natural materials such as wood and stone, it has a kind of indifferent temperament, which is more suitable for expressing the form of industrialization. On the other hand, It is easy to cause isolation from people.
Metal is easy to be stretched and formed, so that it can adapt to a variety of complex three-dimensional shapes, forming unique texture and texture effects. At the same time, metal is also the building material with the highest recycling rate in the world, and the maintenance cost during the use of the building is also extremely small. After more than a hundred years of development, many foreign architects are famous for their mature application of metal materials. Japanese architect Toyo Ito, Australian architect Gerun Mocott, American architect Frank O Gehry, Switzerland Architects Annette Kigang and Mike Guyer are all masters in the application of metal materials. Many of their works show special structure, space or visual effects due to the design and treatment of metal materials.
metal warehouse buildings